Abbreviation and  Elaboration of Computer Terminology

AGP Accelerated Graphics Port

ALU Arithmetic Logic Unit

AMD Advanced Micro Device

Arpanet Advance Research Project Agency Network

ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange (256 bit)

ATM Automated Teller Machine

AVR Automatic Voltage Regulator

BASIC Beginner’s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BCD Binary Coded Decimal (4 BITs)


BIOS Basic Input Output System

Bit Binary & digit

BMP Bit Mapped Picture

Bps Bit per Second / Byte per Second

CAD Computer Aided Design

CC Carbon Copy

CD Charge Directory / Compact Disk

CGA Color Graphics Adaptor

CGM Color Graphics Metafile

CRT Cathode Ray Tube

DBA Database Administrator

DDL Data Definition Language

DNS Domain Name System

DOS Disk Operating System

DPI Dot Per Inch

DSP Digital Signal Processor

DTP Desk Top Publication

DVD Digital Video Disk / Digital Versatile Disc

EBCDIC Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (8 Bit)

e-commerce Buying and selling through the internet.

EGA Enhanced Graphics Adaptor

EISA Extended Industry Standard Architecture

e-mail Electronic mail

EMP Electromagnetic pulse

ENIAC Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer

FAT File Allocation Table

Fortran Formula Translator

FTP File Transfer Protocol

GIGO Garbage In Garbage Out

GUI Graphical User Interface

Html Hyper Text Markup Language

IBM International Business Machine

IC Integrated Circuit [Other name- Chip]

ICT Information and Communication Technology

Kbps Kilo Byte per Second

LCD Liquid Crystal Display

LED Light Emitting Diode

MAN Metropolitan Area Network

MICR Magnetic Ink Character Reader

MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface

MPEG Motion Picture Expert Group

MSI Medium Scale Integration

NBCD National Binary Coded Decimal

NIC Network Interface Card

OCR Optical Character Recognizer

OMR Optical Mark Reader

OOP Object Oriented Programming

OS Operating System

OSI Open System Interconnect

PDA Pro-Personal Digital Assistant

Pixel Picture Element

POST Power on Self Test

RAM Random Access Memory

RGB Red green Blue

ROM Read Only Memory [This memory is never erased]

SIM Subscriber Identity Module

SPSS Statistical Package for Social Science

SQL Structured Query Language

TCP/IP Internet Protocol

TIFF Tagged Image File Format

TLD Top Level Domain

UPS Uninterruptable Power Supply

URL Uniform Resource Locator

USB Universal Serial Bus

VAST Very Small Aperture Terminal

VGA Video Graphics Array

VHF Very High Frequency

VISUS Vital Information and Resources Under Siege

VoIP Voice Over Internet Protocol

Wi-Fi Wireless fidelity

www World Wide Web

XGA Extended Graphics Array