Computer, Information and Communication Technology:

  1. A collection of 8 bits is called byte.
  2. A collection of bits is called byte.
  3. A computer framed to give various network services is called server.
  4. A 'file' is a unit of information.
  5. A megabyte has 106 (million) bytes.
  6. A processor that collects several data and sends them over a single line is called bridge.
  7. A program used to browse the web is called browser.
  8. A small, single-site network is called LAN.
  9. A website containing periodic posts is called blog.
  10. An error in software designing which can even cause a computer to crash is called bug.
  11. An improvement on the ENIAC, which pioneered 'stored program', was made possible with the help of the mathematician John von Neumann.
  12. Before the 1950s, computers were mostly owned by universities and research labs.
  13. Binary digits are briefed as bit.
  14. C++, is a computer language.
  15. Click and double-click are achieved using the mouse.
  16. Early computing machines, like the ENIAC, were actually meant to assist the armed forces.
  17. The printers in pre-1950s were punch cards.
  18. Famous people, associated with the ENIAC, EDVAC, UNIVAC computers are Eckert & Mauchly.
  19. http stands for hyper text transfer protocol.
  20. IBM was provided software for PCs by Microsoft.
  21. Java, C, ForTran, Pascal and BASIC are computer programming languages.
  22. Mark-1, Apple-1, and collossus were initial desktop computers.
  23. Mathematics employed in computers is called Boolean algebra.
  24. 'Nano' stands for one billionth part.
  25. 'PARAM' is a supercomputer.
  26. Pentium 4 (P-4) employs roughly 40 million transistors.
  27. Starting up on operating system is called booting.
  28. The 1st commercially produced and sold computer (1951) was UNIVAC.
  29. The B-programming language was developed by Ken Thompson.
  30. The device which sends computer data using a phone line is called MODEM.
  31. The earlier computers, which were massive in size, were based on vacuum tubes.
  32. The first home computer (1977), which was sold in millions of units was Apple II.
  33. The first microprocessor was developed in 1971 by Intel.
  34. The Harvard student, who chose to write computer programs and dropped studies was Bill Gates.
  35. The number of bit patterns using an n-bit code is 2n.
  36. The part of a computer that works with the data/programs is called CPU.
  37. The process of eliminating programming faults is called debugging.
  38. The term 'micro' (extremely small) denotes 10-6 m.
  39. The transformation from heavy computers to PCs was made possible using microprocessors.
  40. The unwanted or non-requested emails are called "spam".
  41. Time-sharing, teletyping, were associated with mainframe computers.
  42. To convert a binary number to a decimal, we have to express it in power of 2.
  43. While cutting and pasting, the cutitem is temporarily stored in the clipboard.
  44. 'Worm' and 'virus' are actually programs.
  45. www stands for world wide web.