A phrasal verb has a verb and a particle that are used together to make a new meaning. Some of them have more than one meaning. Not all meanings are given.
Phrasal Verbs using Do
- do up- make something look good. Melissa did up her makeup before she went to the dance.
- do (something) over- do again. You didn't get a good grade on the homework assignment. You need to do it over.
- do (someone) in- kill someone (real or imaginary).The robbers tried to steal my money and then do me in.
- do (someone) good- be good for someone. I know you don't want to learn Latin, but it will do you good in the future.
- do without (something)- live without something. We didn't bring enough money to the store so we are going to have to do without the snacks.
- do away with- stop having something. The school is going to do away with uniforms. Nobody likes them.
- do well for (oneself)- become successful. Danny has really done well for himself. He owns 5 restaurants.
Phrasal Verbs with Go
- go off- to make a loud noise or to explode. My alarm clock went off at 7:00 a.m.
- go over- to review. You should go over your homework before you give it to the teacher. Make sure there are no mistakes.
- go on- to happen. What is going on in China right now?
- go with- to match, to be similar to. My shirt and pants are both blue. They go with each other.
- go out- (1) to stop working (machines or electrical things).The electricity went outlast night. I couldn't see anything.
- go out- (2) to be a part of a social activity. Every weekend I go out with my friends.
- go along with- to agree with or follow. Tommy usually goes along with what I say. He trusts me.
- go by- to pass. Three hours went by. Or I will go by that old house.
Phrasal Verbs with Come
- come out- to appear, to be seen. The newspaper comes out every Monday through Friday. Or The moon came out last night.
- come around- to change one's mind, to change one's opinion, agree. My son doesn't want to study in New Zealand, but I think he will come around to the idea if he thinks about it for a while.
- come down on- to scold or punish. Our boss really came down on us after we made that mistake.
- come up with- to produce or supply. I didn't think Joe had any money but suddenly he came up with enough to buy a car.
- come to (someone)- remember or recall. I didn't remember who she was and suddenly it came to me. We went to high school together.
- come about- to happen. You became the mayor of your city? Wow! How did that come about?
- come across- to find. Last night I came across my old photographs. I haven't seen them in years.
- come down with- to become sick. Oh that new disease is terrible. I hope I don't come down with it.
Phrasal Verbs with Get
- get out- leave or move. I don't want you here. Get out of my way!
- get over (something)- stop thinking about something. I can't get over how hard that test was.
- get away with (something)- do something wrong without punishment. The bank robbers got away with robbing the bank. The police never found them.
- get on with (something)- continue with something. Listen everyone, it's time to stop talking and get on with our class.
- get around- way to go places. I get around by bicycle, but my brother gets around on foot.
- get around to (something)- finally do something. I finally got around to doing my homework. I didn't do it for several days.
- get along with- be friendly with. My neighbor and I get along very well. We talk everyday.
- get by- have enough to survive. I have enough money to get by until next week.
- get down to- become serious about. Dinner is finished and now it's time to get down to business.
Phrasal Verbs Using
- Take out- to remove OR to escort (go on a date.) Examples-Please go outside and take out this garbage. It smells bad. AndI want to take out Mindy on a date.
- Take over- become the boss of, control. Example-When a teacher is sick, another teacher will take over the class.
- Take off-remove the clothes or shoes from your body OR when an airplane goes up in the air. Examples-I need to take off my wet socks. And What time does this airplane take off?
- Take away- subtract, remove, or carry something away. Example-Could you take away this old sofa? I don't want it anymore.
- Take after-look like someone. Example-You take after your father. You both have the same shaped nose.
Slang and Idioms about Money
- dough, moolah- money (non-countable.)I won a lot of dough at the casino. Look at all of this moolah!
- greenback, buck- American dollar (countable.)Look at how many greenbacks you have in your wallet! Could you loan me a buck for the subway?
- megabucks- a lot of money. I would love to be like Bill Gates. He has megabucks.
- (work for) peanuts- almost no money, very little money. John should quit his job because he is working for peanuts and he can't afford his rent.
- max out (a credit card)- spend up to the limit of a credit card. Susie bought so many clothes she maxed out her credit card.
- stretch money- be careful to make money one has last longer. Tony and Teri had to really stretch their money in order to pay all of their bills. They ate a lot of cheap food last month.
- flip a coin- make a decision by tossing a coin in the air and calling heads or tails. (heads = side of coin with picture of a person's face, tails = opposite side of coin.)Let's decide who will start the game by flipping a coin.
Idioms with clothes
- dressed to kill- have on your best clothes. Susan went to the party dressed to kill.
- in one's shoes- to be in the other person's situation. Mary lost her job. I'm glad I'm not in her shoes.
- to lose one's shirt- to lose everything, to become poor. When the stock market went down, he lost his shirt.
- to roll up one's sleeves- to prepare to do hard work. John decided troll up his sleeves and join in preparing the big dinner.
- to tighten one's belt- to spend less money, be careful with money. When my father lost his job, we had to tighten our belt.
- on a shoestring- on a budget, with very little money. That business started on a shoestring with only $100.
- birthday suit- naked, no clothes. The man ran through the town with only his birthday suit on! Everyone was shocked.
Idioms with Numbers
- on cloud nine- very happy. After Josie got a perfect score in math, she was on cloud nine.
- number one- oneself, me. I have to decide what is best in my life. I have to take care of number one.
- to put two and two together- to figure something out. The kitchen door was open and the cake was gone. I put two and two together and realized Tom had eaten the cake.
- two's company, three's a crowd- two people together are good, but three people together cause problems. I don't want to go to the movies with you and your boyfriend. Two’s company and three's a crowd.
- forty winks- a short nap (sleep).I'm so sleepy. I think I will have forty winks before I go shopping.
- dressed to the nines- dressed very nicely. When Hillary went to the dance, she was dressed to the nines.
- the one and only- something unique, there is only one of something. I want to introduce you to the one and only Tom Cruise.
- six to one, half a dozen to the other- (a dozen means twelve) it doesn't matter, 6 is the same as half a dozen. Do you want chocolate or vanilla ice cream? It doesn't matter, it’s six to one, half a dozen to the other.
idioms that use parts of the body
- see eye to eye- agree. Joan and Grant see eye to eye on spiders. They both hate them.
- put one's foot in one's mouth- to say something embarrassing and then realize it was bad. I said Frank was ugly and then I realized he heard me. I really put my foot in my mouth.
- stay on one's toes- be ready/ prepared for something. Firefighters have to stay on their toes. They may have to fight a fire at anytime.
- keep an eye on- watch something to make sure it is okay. Could you keep an eye on the baby while I go to the store?
- lend/give someone a hand- to help with something. That box looks heavy. Let me give you a hand.
- be in over one's head- be in a situation that is very difficult. Alan was really in over his head when he started studying advanced chemistry. It was so hard for him.
- keep one's fingers crossed- to hope that something good will happen. I'm keeping my fingers crossed that I will get that job.
- get cold feet- get nervous, especially before marriage. The night before the wedding Alex got cold feet. He wondered if he should really get married.
- have one's heart set on something- really want something. My son Tommy really has his heart set on that new bicycle. Maybe I will buy it for his birthday.
Idioms using the word
- to feel in (one's) heart of hearts- in a person's deepest feelings. I feel in my heart of hearts that I shouldn't marry that man.(I feel strongly that I shouldn't marry him.)
- take it to heart- worry about, feel it is serious (usually feel bad about it).When Nancy's boss said she wasn't a good employee, Nancy took it to heart.(She felt very bad and serious.)
- from the bottom of (one's) heart- to really mean what a person says .You are so wonderful. I mean it from the bottom of my heart.(I really, really think you are wonderful.)
- heartfelt- (adjective) warm feelings, sincere. My grandma gave me a heartfelt welcome when I arrived.(Grandma was really happy to see me. I could see she felt good.)
- with all (one's) heart- completely, a person really means what he is saying (or doing).I love you with all my heart.(I really love you very much.)
- to get to the heart of (something)- to find out the real reason for something, get to the center or find out what really happened. Who caused this problem? We need to get to the heart of it immediately.(We need to find out what happened.)
- to feel a hole in (one's) heart- a feeling of sadness (usually because someone is gone.)When James died, Susan felt like she had a hole in her heart.(Susan was very sad.)
- to have a heart of gold- to be very kind. She was a wonderful and kind person. She had a heart of gold.
- to have a heart of stone- to be very unkind, to not care about people or things. He didn't care about anybody. He had a heart of stone.
- heart to heart- have a private conversation and say anything. I had a heart to heart talk with my daughter about dating.(Only the two of us talked. And we talked freely.)